Oberseminar Finanz- und Versicherungsmathematik

Jointly organised by Prof. Dr. Francesca Biagini, Prof. Dr. Thilo Meyer-Brandis, Prof. Dr. Christoph Knochenhauer, Prof. Dr. Aleksey Min, Prof. Dr. Matthias Scherer and Prof. Dr. Rudi Zagst


At LMU Mathematics Institute, Theresienstraße 39-B (Room B 349)
(how to find us).


6 May14:15 - 15:00Alexander Merkel,
Technical University of Berlin
LQG Control with Costly
Information Acquisition
3 June14:15 - 15:00

15:00 - 15:45

16:15 - 17:00
Lorenzo Schönleber,
Collegio Carlo Alberto, University of Turin

Maximilian Würschmidt,
University of Trier

Marco Frittelli,
University of Milan
Implied Impermanent Loss:
A Cross-Sectional Analysis
of Decentralized Liquidity

A Probabilistic Approach to Shape Derivatives

Collective Arbitrage, Super-replication and Risk Measures
1 July14:15 - 15:00Michael Kupper, University of KonstanzDiscrete approximation of risk-based pricing under volatility uncertainty
15 July14:15 - 15:00Xunyu Zhou, Columbia UniversityReinforcement Learning for Diffusion Processes

Titles and Abstracts

We consider the fundamental problem of Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control on an infinite horizon with costly information acquisition. Specifically, we consider a two-dimensional coupled system, where one of the two states is observable, and the other is not. Additionally, to inference from the observable state, costly information is available via an additional, controlled observation process.
Mathematically, the Kalman-Bucy filter is used to Markovianize the problem. Using an ansatz, the problem is then reduced to one of the control-dependent, conditional variance for which we show regularity of the value function. Using this regularity for the reduced problem together with the ansatz to solve the problem by dynamic programming and verification and construct the unique optimal control.
We analyze the optimal control, the optimally controlled state and the value function and compare various properties to the literature of problems with costly information acquisition. Further, we show existence and uniqueness of an equilibrium for the controlled, conditional variance, and study sensitivity of the control problem at the equilibrium.
At last, we compare the problem to the case of no costly information acquisition and fully observable states.
Joint work with Christoph Knochenhauer and Yufei Zhang (Imperial College London).

We propose a continuous-time stochastic model to analyze the dynamics of impermanent loss in liquidity pools in decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols. We replicate the impermanent loss using option portfolios for the individual tokens. We estimate the risk-neutral joint distribution of the tokens by minimizing the Hansen–Jagannathan bound, which we then use for the valuation of options on relative prices and for the calculation of implied correlations. In our analyses, we investigate implied volatilities and implied correlations as possible drivers of the impermanent loss and show that they explain the cross-sectional returns of liquidity pools. We test our hypothesis on options data from a major centralized derivative exchange.

In this talk, we introduce a novel mesh-free and direct method for computing the shape derivative in PDE-constrained shape optimization problems. Our approach is based on a probabilistic representation of the shape derivative and is applicable for second-order semilinear elliptic PDEs with Dirichlet boundary conditions and a general class of target functions. The probabilistic representation derives from a boundary sensitivity result for diffusion processes due to Costantini, Gobet and El Karoui. Via so-called Taylor tests we verify the numerical accuracy of our methodology.

We discuss the limit of risk-based prices of European contingent claims in discrete-time financial markets under volatility uncertainty when the number of intermediate trading periods goes to infinity. The limiting dynamics are obtained using recently developed results for the construction of strongly continuous convex monotone semigroups. We connect the resulting dynamics to the semigroups associated to G-Brownian motion, showing in particular that the worst-case bounds always give rise to a larger bid-ask spread than the risk-based bounds. Moreover, the worst-case bounds are achieved as limit of the risk-based bounds as the agent’s risk aversion tends to infinity. The talk is based on joint work with Jonas Blessing and Alessandro Sgarabottolo.

The theory we present aims at expanding the classical Arbitrage Pricing Theory to a setting where N agents invest in stochastic security markets while also engaging in zero-sum risk exchange mechanisms.

We introduce in this setting the notions of Collective Arbitrage and of Collective Super-replication and accordingly establish versions of the fundamental theorem of asset pricing and of the pricing-hedging duality.

When computing the Collective Super-replication price for a given vector of contingent claims, one for each agent in the system, allowing additional exchanges among the agents reduces the overall cost compared to classical individual super-replication. The positive difference between the aggregation (sum) of individual superhedging prices and the Collective Super-replication price represents the value of cooperation.

Finally, we explain how these collective features can be associated with a broader class of risk measurement or cost assessment procedures beyond the superhedging framework. This leads to the notion of Collective Risk Measures, which generalize the idea of risk sharing and inf-convolution of risk measures.

Reinforcement learning (RL) is a version of stochastic control in which the system dynamics are unknown (up to the type of dynamics such as Markov chains or diffusion processes). There has been an upsurge of interest in RL for (continuous-time) controlled diffusions in recent years. In this talk I will highlight the latest developments on theory and algorithms arising from this study, including entropy regularized exploratory formulation, policy evaluation, policy gradient, q-learning, and regret analysis. Time permitting, I will also discuss applications to mathematical finance and generative AI.